For intravenous infusion after dilution.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Aminocaproic Acid Injection is useful in enhancing hemostasis when fibrinolysis contributes to bleeding. In life-threatening situations, fresh whole blood transfusions, fibrinogen infusions, and other emergency measures may be required.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Aminocaproic acid should not be used when there is evidence of an active intravascular clotting process.
Aminocaproic Acid Injection, USP contains benzyl alcohol as a preservative. The administration of medications containing benzyl alcohol as a preservative to premature neonates has been associated with a fatal "Gasping Syndrome".
Aminocaproic acid should not be used in hematuria of upper urinary tract origin, unless the possible benefits outweigh the risk.
Skeletal muscle weakness with necrosis of muscle fibers has been reported following prolonged administration. The possibility of cardiac muscle damage should be considered when skeletal myopathy occurs. One case of cardiac and hepatic lesions observed in man has been reported. The patient received 2 g of aminocaproic acid every 6 hours for a total dose of 26 g. Death was due to continued cerebrovascular hemorrhage.
General: Aminocaproic acid inhibits both the action of plasminogen activators and to a lesser degree, plasmin activity. The drug should NOT be administered without a definite diagnosis and/or laboratory finding indicative of hyperfibrinolysis (hyperplasminemia).
Rapid intravenous administration of the drug should be avoided since this may induce hypotension, bradycardia, and/or arrhythmia.
Thrombophlebitis, a possibility with all intravenous therapy, should be guarded against by strict attention to the proper insertion of the needle and the fixing of its position.
Epsilon-aminocaproic acid should not be administered with Factor IX Complex concentrates or Anti-Inhibitor Coagulant concentrates, as the risk of thrombosis may be increased.
Laboratory Tests: The use of aminocaproic acid should be accompanied by tests designed to determine the amount of fibrinolysis present.
Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions: Prolongation of the template bleeding time has been reported during continuous intravenous infusion of aminocaproic acid at dosages exceeding 24 g/day. Higher plasma concentrations of aminocaproic acid may occur in patients with severe renal failure.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy Category C. Aminocaproic acid should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
Nursing Mothers: It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when aminocaproic acid is administered to a nursing woman.
Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
Aminocaproic Acid Injection, USP contains benzyl alcohol as a preservative. Benzyl alcohol has been associated with a fatal "gasping syndrome" in neonates.
The following adverse experiences have been reported:
General: Edema, headache, malaise.
Hypersensitivity Reactions: Allergic and anaphylactoid reactions, anaphylaxis.
Local Reactions: Injection site reactions, pain and necrosis.
Cardiovascular: Bradycardia, hypotension, peripheral ischemia, thrombosis.
Gastrointestinal: Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.
Hematologic: Agranulocytosis, coagulation disorder, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia.
Musculoskeletal: CPK increased, muscle weakness, myalgia, myopathy, myositis, rhabdomyolysis.
Neurologic: Confusion, convulsions, delirium, dizziness, hallucinations, intracranial hypertension, stroke, syncope.
Respiratory: Dyspnea, nasal congestion, pulmonary embolism.
Skin: Pruritus, rash.
Special Senses: Tinnitus, vision decreased, watery eyes.
Urogenital: BUN increased, renal failure. There have been some reports of dry ejaculation during the period of aminocaproic acid treatment reported to date in hemophilia patients.
Effects have ranged from no reaction to transient hypotension to severe acute renal failure leading to death. One patient with a history of brain tumor and seizures experienced seizures after receiving an 8 gram bolus injection of aminocaproic acid. Aminocaproic acid is removed by hemodialysis and may be removed by peritoneal dialysis.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
RAPID INJECTION OF AMINOCAPROIC ACID INJECTION, USP UNDILUTED INTO A VEIN IS NOT RECOMMENDED.
For additional Safety Information, please see Full Prescribing Information.
You are encouraged to report Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) to American Regent, Inc. at 1.800.734.9236 or to the FDA by visiting www.fda.gov/MedWatch or calling 1.800.FDA.1088.